BOOK MOUNTS

MISCELLANEOUS

Ring Brooches with stones
or potential settings for stones

When given to a lady, a ring-brooch was the medieval equivalent of the modern-day engagement ring. A French poem of 1184 also makes the association between the ring-brooch and marriage in the lines "my bride shall wear a brooch - a witness to her modesty and a proof that hers will be a chaste bed. It will shut up her breast and thrust back any intruder."

Brooches varied enormously in size, and could be tiny, smaller than a finger nail. Ring-brooches were made of costly gold or silver, or of much cheaper copper or pewter. They were worn mostly until the late fourteenth century, when changing fashions in dress included more closely tailored clothes and the growing use of button fastenings.

Ring brooch
with 3 glass stones

Object: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval, 14th century
Country/Area of Origin: UK.
Material: Bronze, blue glass
Size: 23mm diameter
Notes: 6 collets with decorative line markings in between. 3 blue glass stones remain intact. Wire pin is unbroken and works freely. Wire pin may be a replacement for original based on material and the way the pin is attached with the wire to the front.

Ring brooch
with 2 glass stones

Object: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval. 14th century
Country/Area of Origin: UK.
Material: bronze, blue glass
Size: 18mm diameter
Notes: 2 blue glass stones remain, Traces of glue, most likely calcium carbonate paste remain in several of the collets. Pin only partly remains.

Ring brooch
with 11 collets

Object: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval. 14th century
Country/Area of Origin: UK.
Material: Bronze
Size: 33mm diameter
Notes: Ring brooch with 11 shallow collets which would have held glass stones. Traces of calcium carbonate paste remains in some of the collets. Pin is almost complete with the very tip missing and moves freely. Size and sturdiness of the brooch indicate that it would be suitable for woolen clothing or for use as a cloak pin.

Ring brooch
with 6 collets

Object: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval. 14th century
Country/Area of Origin: UK.
Material:
Size: 27mm diameter
Notes: Brooch has 6 medium high collects, some with remaining traces of calcium carbonate adhesive which would have held glass stones. Flat, undecorated lobes in between the collets. Pin is absent.

Ring brooch
with 6 collets

Object: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval 14th century
Country/Area of Origin: UK
Material:
Size: 22mm diameter
Notes: Brooch has two rows of circular dotted punches between the 6 low collets. Pin is absent. Collets all contain traces of calcium carbonate which would have been used to glue glass tones into the collets.

Ring brooch
with 6 stone collets

Object: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval. 14th century
Country/Area of Origin: UK.
Material:
Size: 22mm diameter
Notes: Brooch has 2 rows of circular dotted punches between the 6 low collets. Pin is half present. four of the collets contain calcium carbonate paste which would have glued the glass stones into place.

Ring brooch
with 6 collets

Object: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval. 14th century
Country/Area of Origin: UK.
Material:
Size: 25mm diameter
Notes: Two rows of circular dotted punches between the 6 low collets. Pin is broken near the brooch body.

All 6 collets have traces of glue remaining which is orange instead of the usual whitish colour. The glue would have held glass stones in place.

Ring brooch
with 8 turrets

Object: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval. 13th-14th century
Country/Area of Origin: UK
Material:
Size: 20mm diameter
Notes: Pin is borken near the brooch body. 8 turretted collets, one with traces of calcium carbonate adhesive. When new this brooch would have had glass stones. There are 8 flat undecorated lobes in between the turrets.

Ring brooch
with 6 turrets

Object: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval. 13th-14th century
Country/Area of Origin: UK.
Material:
Size: 26mm diameter
Notes: Pin is broken at the brooch join. There are 6 turret collets and 6 flat lobes. One lobe houses the pin and the remaining 5 have dimples in them. It is unclear whether the low dimples were intended to have glass tones set into them, but it is likely due to the lack of traces of any adhesive, that these were merely decorative. The 5 of the 6 high turrets contain traces of calcium carbonate paste which would have been used to glue glass stones to the settings.

Ring brooch
with 2 glass discs

Object: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval. 14th-15th century
Country/Area of Origin: UK
Material:
Size: 22mm diameter
Notes: Metal detector find? The pin is complete and working. Brooch has 8 collets and a fully functional pin. Two flat slices of glass disc are present, one green, one clear. Residue of adhesive is present in 6 collets.

Ring brooch
with 8 collets

Object: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval. 13th-14th century
Country/Area of Origin: Yorkshire, UK.
Material: Bronze.
Size: 25mm diameter
Notes: The pin is slightly bent but complete and working. 8 large circular collets. Residue of adhesive remians on one collet. The ring between is the collets is plain and undecorated.

Teardop ring brooch
with 6 collets

Object: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval
Country/Area of Origin: UK.
Material:
Size: 23mm width
Notes: Tear drop shaped brooch with 6 collets. 2 rows of circular punched decoration between the collets. The pin is absent. The brooch would have has glass stones when new.

Ring brooch
with 6 collets

Object: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval. 14th century
Country/Area of Origin: UK
Material:
Size: 20mm width
Notes: Tear drop shaped with 2 rows of punched circular decoration between the collets. The pin is absent. Traces of calcium carbonate remain in the collets which would have been used as a fixative for glass stones when the brooch was new.

Ring brooch
with 4 lobes

Object: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval. 1250 - 1400
Country/Area of Origin: UK.
Material: Copper alloy
Size: 35mm diameter
Notes: The pin is absent. A copper alloy brooch with 4 collets. One of the lobes contains a perferation for a pin which is missing. Each circular lobe contains the remains of a stem which was most likely a mounting as seen in other brooches of a similar design where a pierced pearl is set. The front face contains four circular collets which contain a white substance, most likely remains of an adhesive for glass stones. Almost identical to PAS WILT-06FF33

Ring brooch
with dimples


Object: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval. 13th-15th century
Country/Area of Origin: England. UK.
Material: Bronze
Size: 20mm diameter
Notes: ex-Winters Collection. Face of the brooch has punched markings and seven dimples. Pin is complete and moves freely. The dimples show no trace of any adhesive residue, but may have had glass stones set into them, although the angle of them suggests that they may be purely decorative.

Lozenge brooch
with 12 dimples


Object: Lozenge brooch
Culture: Medieval. 13th-15th century
Country/Area of Origin: England. UK.
Material: Bronze
Size: 22mm diameter
Notes: ex-Winters Collection. 12 dimples, one of which houses the piercing for the pin. Pin is bent but complete and moves freely. The dimples are possibly entirely decorative, the angle of them making it unlikely that would have held stones. There is no adhesive residue in the dimples.

Ring Brooch
with pin setting


Object
: Ring brooch
Culture: Medieval. 13th-14th century
Country/Area of Origin:
Material:
Size: 23mm diameter
Notes: Brooch with large stone setting on the pin. Stone is absent. Traces of gilding exist. Pin moves freely. The body of the pin is undecorated.

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